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Wednesday, September 2, 2009

Acute Renal Failure

• Occurs over hours or few days
• Lasts hours to a few months, up to 1 year
Can be reversible
• 50% mortality rate
     • major cause of death is infection

Acute Renal Failure

Stages of Acute Renal Failure
Initiating Stage - starts with injury of the kidney and lasts hours to days
• Oliguric Stage - lasts from 8-10 days, can persist for weeks
• Diuretic Stage - usually lasts 1-2 weeks, but can persist longer
• Recovery Stage - usually lasts several months to a year

Signs & Symptoms of Acute Renal Failure
• Decreased urine output (initiating stage)
• Elevated BUN, creatinine and/or potassium, fluid overload (oliguric stage)
• Large urine output, low BUN and creatinine level, hypokalemia (diuretic stage)

Acute Renal Failure - Related Hemodialysis Article


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