Welcome to Dialysis Patient Care!

Wednesday, September 2, 2009

Causes of Acute Renal Failure

Causes of Acute Renal Failure

 "Pre-renal" - usually due to decreased blood flow to the kidneys
• hemorrhage, gastrointestinal bleeding leading to shock
• bums
• sepsis
• emboli, stenosis, occlusion, trauma to renal artery
• decreased cardiac output
     - congestive heart failure, myocardial infarction
• surgery

"Intra-renal" - injury to kidney tubules (most common form of acute renal failure) 
     - Prolonged "pre-renal" status
     - Drugs that are nephrotoxic
          • anti-neoplasties (chemotherapy)
          • x-ray dye
          • pesticides
          • heavy metals (lead, mercury)
          • plants, animals (mushrooms, snake bites)

"Intra-renal" (continued)
• Inflammation from bacteria/virus
• Trauma
• Immunological and vasculitic diseases
     - Auto-antibodie» (Goodpasture's, LED.Wegener’s,...)
•  Transfusion reactions
•  Vascular disorders
     - hypertension, diabetes
• Pregnancy disorders
     - pre-eclampsia, septic aboition
* Tissue or organ transplant rejection

"Post-renal" - the flow of urine from the kidneys to the exterior of the body is prevented, usually due to an obstruction (stones, tumors,...)

Causes of Acute Renal Failure - Related Hemodialysis Article


Post a Comment

Latest Article


hemodialysis,peritoneal dialysis, dialysis machine, kidney dialysis, dialyse, dialyzer, dialyse tubings, complications of dialysis, dialyzer reprocessing, protein dialysis, kidney transplant, hemodialysis diet, renal nurse, renal failure, hollow fiber membranes, minerals and electrolytes, kidney treatment, dialysis treatment